Quiz : READING COMPREHENSION
1. What is the author’s main purpose in the passage?
A. To propose a theory to explain sunspots
B. To describe the nature of sunspots
C. To compare the umbra and penumbra in sunspots
D. To argue for the existence of magnetic fields in sunspots
2. The word controversial in paragraph 1 is closet in meaning to
A. widely accepted C. just introduced
B. open to debate D. very complicated
3. Solar particles are hurled into space by
A. undetermined causes
B. disturbances of wind
C. small rivers on the surface of the sun
D. changes in the Earth’s atmosphere
4. The word particles in paragraph 1 refer to
A. gas explosions in the atmosphere
B. light rays from the sun
C. liquid streams on the sun
D. small pieces of matter from the sun
5. How can we describe matter from the sun that enters the Earth’s
A.Very small B. Very hot C. Very bright D. Very hard
6. What does the author mean by the statement Actually, the sunspots are
cooler than the rest of the photosphere, which may account for their
apparently darker color?
A. Neither sunspots nor the photosphere is hot.
B. Sunspots in the photosphere do not have any color.
C. The color of sunspots could be affected by their temperature.
D. The size of a sunspot affects its temperature.
7. The word they in the paragraph 3 refers to
A. structure B. spots C. miles D. Granules
8. The word consequently in the paragraph 3 could best be replaced by
A. as a result
C. without doubt
D. in this way
9. In which configuration do sunspots usually occur?
A. In one spot of varying size
B. In a configuration of two spots
C. In arrangements of one hundred or more spots
D. In groups of several thousand spots
10. How are sunspots explained?
A. Sunspots appear to be related to magnetic fields on the Earth.
B. Sunspots may be related to magnetic fields that follow longitudinal
lines on the sun.
C. Sunspots are explained by storms that occur on the Earth.
D. Sunspots have no theory or model to explain them
11. The sunspot theory is
A. not considered very important
B. widely accepted
C. subject to disagreement
D. relatively new
Problem 11 Past Custom – Used to and BE Used to
S used to verb word
He used to live in the country.
S BE used to -ing form
He was used to livingin the country.
Incorrect: We use to go to the movies quite frequently.
Correct : We used to go to the movies quite frequently.
We were used to going to the movies quite frequently.
Incorrect: She was used to get up early.
Correct : She used to get up early.
She was used to getting up early.
Incorrect: He was used to drink too much.
Correct : He used to drink too much.
He was used to drinking too much.
Incorrect: She used to speaking in public.
Correct : She used to speak in public.
She was used to speaking in public.
Problem 12 Advisability – Had Better
S had better verb word
You had better take chemistry 600 this semester.
S had better not verb word
You had better not take chemistry 600 this semester.
Incorrect: We had better made reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.
Correct : We had better make reservations so that we will be sure of getting a good table.
Incorrect: We had better to check the schedule.
Correct : We had better check the schedule.
Incorrect: You had better don’t quit your job until you find another one.
Correct : You had better not quit your job until you find another one.
Incorrect: You had better don’t go alone.
Correct : You had better not go alone.
Problem 13 Preference – Would Rather
Swould rather verb word
I would rather drive.
Swould rather not verb word
I would rather not drive.
Incorrect: If you don’t mind, I’d rather not going.
Correct : If you don’t mind, I’d rather not go.
Incorrect: He said that he’d rather went to a small college instead of to a large university.
Correct : He said that he’d rather go to a small college instead of to a large university.
Incorrect: I’d rather writing this than print it because I don’t print well.
Correct : I’d rather write this than print it because I don’t print well.
Incorrect: Greg would rather has a Pepsi than a beer.
Correct : Greg would rather have a Pepsi than a beer.
Problem 14 Preference for Another – Would Rather That
Swould rather that S V(past)
I would rather that you drove.
S would rather that S didn’t verb word
I would rather that you didn’t drive.
Incorrect: Diane would rather that her husband doesn’t working so hard.
Correct : Diane would rather that her husband didn’t work so hard.
Incorrect: The dean would rather that students make appointments instead of dropping by.
Correct : The dean would rather that students made appointments instead of dropping by.
Incorrect: My roommate would rather that I don’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.
Correct : My roommate would rather that i didn’t keep the light on after ten o’clock.
Incorrect: We’d rather that you should come tomorrow.
Correct : We would rather that you came tomorrow.
Problem 15 Negative Imperatives
Please don’t verb word
Please don’ttell anyone
Would you please not verb word
Would you please not tell anyone
Incorrect: Please don’t to park here.
Correct : Please don’t park here.
Would you please not park here.
Incorrect: Would you please not to be late
Correct : Please don’t be late.
Would you please not be late
Incorrect: Please don’t to go yet
Correct : Please don’t go yet.
Would you please not to go yet.
Incorrect: Would you please don’t worry
Correct : Please don’t worry.